Global Mean Dynamic topography

The mean dynamic topography is the average over 12 year of the difference between the mean sea surface and the geoid.

The mean dynamic topography is mainly caused by temperature variations in the ocean and permanent currents like the Gulf Stream and the  Kuroshio.

DTU10 Mean Dynamic Topography has been derived from the DTU10 Mean Sea surface and the EGM2008 Global geoid model and has been mapped with a resolution of 1 minute by 1 minute corresponding to 2 minute by 2 minute resolution at Equator.dynamic.gif 

Download: A global mean ocean circulation estimation using GOCE gravity models - The DTU12MDT mean dynamic topography model

Download: GOCE Geoid - June 2010

DNSC08 MDT- PDF presentation  / PPS presentation

From DNSC08 to DTU10 - PDF presentation

Download model/data (DTU10, DTU12):  (DVD-Available on Request – contact:

Download Software

Reference: Please acknowledge any use referencing:

Andersen O. B, Knudsen P (2009) The DNSC08 mean sea surface and mean dynamic topography. J. Geophys. Res., 114, C11, doi:10.1029/2008JC005179, 2009.